The objectives of this research are as follows. First, to bring together experts from the natural sciences, humanities and social sciences to implement joint research concerning natural disasters, and ethnographically research, based on specific examples of the ways natural disasters interrelate with society and culture. Second, to aim to extend the study of natural disasters, which until now has been largely the purview of natural scientists, to the realm of sociocultural research. In treating disaster research as interdisciplinary research, anthropologists could contribute to include terms of reappraisal of methods and results. That is, we will examine things from the perspective of the humanities and the social sciences, consider how natural disasters and human beings relate in terms of impact on society and culture, and investigate how anthropological research could contribute to the enhancement of the ability of society to respond to natural disasters, such as disaster prevention and disaster mitigation.